Deception refers to behavior intentionally enacted to mislead another. Interpersonal deception theory (IDT) is one contemporary communication theory intended to predict and explain deception in the context of interpersonal interactions. IDT was developed by David Buller and Judee K. Burgoon to offer an alternative perspective to prevailing psychological perspectives on deception. Growing out of several decades of research into credibility and interpersonal communication, it is an interrelated set of assumptions and propositions, or testable statements, drawing on principles of interpersonal communication to predict and explain deception in interpersonal interactions. Its scope is thus deception during communication, which can include face-to-face, public, computermediated, or virtual communication. To date, over 20 experiments have been conducted testing various aspects of IDT. Many, but not all, have received support.
IDT is not meant to focus on a single cause but instead to provide a comprehensive depiction of the communication-relevant factors in deception message production and deception detection. This entry summarizes the assumptions of IDT and some of the key propositions of the theory that illustrate its claims.
Littlejohn, Stephen W and Karen A.Floss. (2009). Encyclopedia of Communication Theory.USA:SAGE.
Penanggungjawab naskah :
Edwina Ayu Kustiawan
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