What You Need to Know About : Interracial Communication
Interracial communication is a genre of communication study that embraces the interactions between people representing different historical races. As such it encompasses the encounters between people in a practical sense—the ordinary engagement of human beings from various racial, cultural, linguistic, and ethnic backgrounds with each other in the quite human activity of social interaction. It also entails the researching of the phenomenon of racial engagement, seeking to determine the problems and prospects of such discursive engagement with people of different racial backgrounds.
One might say that interracial communication is a variety of communication inasmuch as mass communication, interpersonal communication, intercultural communication, cyber communication, and institutional communication are all parts of the same overarching field. What distinguishes each of these discrete subdisciplines from the other represents the defining coin of that particular area. For example, in the case of interracial communication, the defining coin is racial biography itself. This does not mean that race is the only factor that enters the picture in an interpersonal interaction situation; it simply means that a major—perhaps the major—factor involved in a communication experience that is defined as interracial is race itself.
While almost all scientists agree that there is no singular racial worldview and that race itself as a concept has been hierarchically constructed by ruling classes for control and power, it remains a salient, although waning, idea in contemporary society. The old notion of discrete biotic entities was never based on objective variations in language, culture, or social groupings. Rather the race idea eclipsed language and culture and included superficial assessments and judgments based on phenotypes and behaviors. Interracial communication has sought to provide a canvas for themes, issues, and ideas in spite of the lingering presence of antiquated ideas of race. In the United States of America, race has played a fundamental role in shaping policy, behavior, and attitudes despite the lack of science to support race as a valid concept.
Littlejohn, Stephen W and Karen A.Floss. (2009). Encyclopedia of Communication Theory.USA:SAGE.631
Penanggungjawab naskah :
Edwina Ayu Kustiawan
What is the example of interracial communication sentence?
Give examples of situation wherin interracial occurs
what is the meaning of interracial communication?
Give me a situation example of interracial communication.
Example of conversation for interracial communication
"While almost all scientists agree that there is no singular racial worldview and that race itself as a concept has been hierarchically constructed by ruling classes for control and power," This is fallacious in that it is appealing to (an invisible) authority and argumentum ad populum. If anything, this comes more across as the author inserting their own opinion in their rhetoric here in lieu of an actual source. And of course, it can be argued the cited encyclopedia is the source, but I doubt it's that overt in opinion. If it does corroborate the author's opinion however, I'm open to excerpt(s) being posted in a reply to my comment about that. Regardless, the statement here is incorrect for other reasons as well as it assumes the post-modernist view on race (aka. race is a social construct) is true when it is provably false with genetic differences among races. Since genetics is the real determining factor on the differentiation of races, much the same with different species, it is impossible for it to be socially constructed since it is a result of natural evolution and divergence of humans genetically, grouping into separate racial categories. "Rather the race idea eclipsed language and culture and included superficial assessments and judgments based on phenotypes and behaviors." In other words, the often purported idea that race is just "skin deep". Of course, that is a strawman to reality of racial differences, which extend beyond just phenotypical differences. Many genotypical differences among races significantly effect the brain, IQ, and intelligence differences among them (e.g. average IQ among the races: Africans 85 IQ; Europeans 100 IQ; East Asians 106 IQ from [Rushton 2003]). "and ideas in spite of the lingering presence of antiquated ideas of race. In the United States of America, race has played a fundamental role in shaping policy, behavior, and attitudes despite the lack of science to support race as a valid concept." Rather ironic to suggest race is "antiquated" or there being a "lack of science to support race as a valid concept" when in fact the observations of Charles Darwin on the matter still hold up today as far as human races diverging into distinct species equivalents. To quote Darwin's observation: "But since he attained to the rank of manhood, he has diverged into distinct races, or as they may be more fitly called, sub-species. Some of these, such as the Negro and European, are so distinct that, if specimens had been brought to a naturalist without any further information, they would undoubtedly have been considered by him as good and true species" (Descent of Man, Chapter 21). Those are my criticisms of your article as I don't believe it represents race and the science behind it objectively. References: Bowcock AM, Ruiz-Linares A, Tomfohrde J, Minch E, Kidd JR, Cavalli-Sforza LL. High resolution of human evolutionary trees with polymorphic microsatellites. Nature. 1994 Mar 31;368(6470):455-7. doi: 10.1038/368455a0. PMID: 7510853. Cavalli-Sforza, L. L., Piazza, A., Menozzi, P., & Mountain, J. (1988). Reconstruction of Human Evolution: Bringing together genetic, archaeological, and linguistic data. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 85(16), 6002–6006. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.85.16.6002 Li, J. Z., Absher, D. M., Tang, H., Southwick, A. M., Casto, A. M., Ramachandran, S., Cann, H. M., Barsh, G. S., Feldman, M., Cavalli-Sforza, L. L., & Myers, R. M. (2008). Worldwide human relationships inferred from genome-wide patterns of variation. Science, 319(5866), 1100–1104. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1153717 Lazaridis, I., Patterson, N., Mittnik, A., Renaud, G., Mallick, S., Kirsanow, K., Sudmant, P. H., Schraiber, J. G., Castellano, S., Lipson, M., Berger, B., Economou, C., Bollongino, R., Fu, Q., Bos, K. I., Nordenfelt, S., Li, H., de Filippo, C., Prüfer, K., … Krause, J. (2014). Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans. Nature, 513(7518), 409–413. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13673 Rushton, J. P., & Rushton, E. W. (2003). Brain size, IQ, and racial-group differences. Intelligence, 31(2), 139–155. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0160-2896(02)00137-x Wu, DD., Zhang, YP. Different level of population differentiation among human genes. BMC Evol Biol 11, 16 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-11-16 Darwin, C. R. (1871). The descent of man. The Literature Network. http://www.online-literature.com/darwin/descent_man/21/