Immediacy behaviors are actions that simultaneously communicate warmth, involvement, psychological closeness, availability for communication, and positive affect. Immediacy is the primary way humans signal interpersonal closeness, willingness to communicate, and positive feelings for other people. Immediacy behaviors are both verbal and nonverbal but typically occur in a cluster or group of consistent behaviors that provide fundamental connections between human beings.
Verbal immediacy behaviors include both styles of communication that signal warmth and connection and linguistic messages that explicitly communicate immediacy. Stylistically, verbal immediacy behaviors include plural pronouns such as we and us that promote connection and relational closeness rather than individual pronouns such as you and I that express independence and separation. Similarly, informal forms of address, such as using first names or nicknames as opposed to formal names or titles, are a powerful, unobtrusive immediacy behavior. Open communication and increased self-disclosure are often classified as immediacy behaviors.
Littlejohn, Stephen W and Karen A.Floss. (2009). Encyclopedia of Communication Theory.USA:SAGE.654
Penanggungjawab naskah :
Edwina Ayu Kustiawan
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